In a laboratory, of course, there is various labware that is used with their own uses. The laboratory is a means of supporting activities that are very important for practicum and research. Research activities will leverage innovation in the field of high-temperature materials to support the development of the high-temperature industry and steel material processing technology. Besides that, research activities also support the national innovation system in the development of the high-temperature component manufacturing industry. Several innovations can be generated from this research.
The advancement of science and technology for mankind today is inseparable from the importance of material development. The urgency and development of material science and technology globally vary greatly from country to country, both from the aspects of education, research, and development, as well as industrialization/commercialization, which are aimed at increasing the competitiveness of the nation itself. The development of advanced materials today cannot be separated from the interaction with nanotechnology. It is predicted that in the span of a decade, the global application rate of nanotechnology in the industrialized world will increase significantly. Nanotechnology can be a means of supporting the mastery and development of material technology.
Nanotechnology has developed rapidly in various types of industrial fields. Industries, such as the chemical industry, automotive, electronic products, cosmetics, and many others use nanotechnology. Nanotechnology or nanotechnology is the science and technology that controls substances, materials, and systems at the nanometer scale, resulting in new functions that have never existed before. Nano itself stands for nanometer, with a metric system size of 1 / 10-9 or 1 nanometer, which is equivalent to a billionth of a meter.
The term nanotechnology was first coined by Professor Norio Taniguchi from Tokyo Science University in 1974 in his paper entitled “On the Basic Concept of Nano-Technology”. At that time he began to study the mechanism for making nanomaterials from quartz crystal, silicon, and alumina ceramics using ultrasonic machines. Since then, more and more scientists are aware of nanotechnology and nanomaterials and have carried out several discoveries and research to date. Then, on December 29, 1959, Richard Feynman introduced the concept of nanotechnology at a scientific speech held by the American Physical Society in Caltech, California.
Nanoscale materials are materials that are attractive because they have different properties from macroscopic scale materials. This occurs because the reduction in the size of the material to the nano dimension causes attractive quantum phenomena. Thus, any material that uses nanotechnology is likely to experience a reduction in weight as well as increased stability and functionality.
The commercialization of nanotechnology is not limited to microelectronic devices, but various industries also open up opportunities for the application of nanotechnology and materials in various fields. Such as the food industry, medical equipment, packaging, cosmetics, drugs / medical, textiles, and ceramics.
The development of nanotechnology is carried out using a spark plasma sintering device which is a prototype laboratory scale. This tool is specially made for the synthesis of high-temperature materials that can concentrate energy as effectively as possible. The advantage of this tool over existing technologies is that it uses much less energy and takes a very fast consolidation process.